It is said that St Francis of Assisi was the first to present a live nativity scene while celebrating Mass on Christmas Eve. Through time, the creche or manger scene is known in Italy as the presepio and are found in churches across Italy as well as along roadways tucked into stonewalls. A drive along the Amalfi coast will reveal many of them and a walk down Via San Gregorio Armeno in Naples, known for its exquisite presepii, reveals a colorful street made famous by the presepio trade; the handcrafted nativity figures made by local artists from terracotta and dressed elegantly in the costumes of old Naples. I stopped to look for figures in some of the jam-packed shops and bought an angel for the top of my Christmas tree.
Today’s presepio reflects more than just the manger scene of the Christ Child, shepherds, and Three Kings; there are figures of present day politicians, Sophia Loren, the pizzaiola (pizza maker), the prosciutto-maker, the wet nurse, scenes of life in old Naples and the constant favorite, Pucinella, the masked clown in baggy white pants, pointed hat, and ruffled shirt, who is the classic and complex character symbol of Naples, a symbol of fortune and fate, of laughter and tears, of good and evil, of conflict and resolve, of intrigue and innuendo.